These case studies were conducted to investigate practices of 12 organic small grain producers in the tri-state region of Washington, Oregon, and Idaho. Annual precipitation in the region was classified as low (less than 12 in.), intermediate (12 to 16 in.), and high (more than 16 in.).
All featured farms included small grains in their cropping system; wheat was the most commonly produced crop, but some farmers also raised barley, triticale, and ancient grains such as emmer and kamut. Small grains were not always the primary cash crop of the farm. In some cases, grain was a rotational crop on farms mostly devoted to hay or vegetable production.